Todo comenzó en la universidad...

Wednesday, September 28, 2005

Talento y Talante

Por Juan Carlos Valdivia Cano (*)
___
En el cuento hay que ganar por knock out, como prescribía el súper cronopio Julito Cortázar. Y si es posible desde el primer golpe. Y creo que eso ocurre en el relato “Todo comenzó en la universidad” de Orlando Mazeyra Guillén (24), escritor arequipeño que ha obtenido el primer lugar del I Concurso Nacional Universitario “NICANOR DE LA FUENTE” (NIXA) - 2003.

Fue miembro del Jurado, Oswaldo Reynoso, que en los años sesenta-setenta nos despertó con maestría arrancándonos de la niñez y a la vez presentándonos los complicados problemas peruanos, con libros, como “Lima en Rock” o “En octubre no hay milagros”, comparables, -en el espíritu de un adolescente de la época-, a “La ciudad y los perros”, y más intensos aún como remezón existencial o diversión pura. El otro miembro fue Oscar Colchado, ganador del Premio Internacional “Juan Rulfo” 2002 (uno de los más importantes en su género en el mundo hispano) y Premio Nacional de Novela 1996.
Quiero ir al grano y transmitir al lector algo de esta sorpresa inicial, siempre difícil de lograr, (que se puede admirar por ejemplo en las atrapadoras “entradas” de Camus, en “El extranjero” o en “El mito de Sísifo” y que nuestro joven y premiado escribidor arequipeño reedita con éxito:

POR más que lo he intentado a lo largo de todo este execrable día, no he encontrado (y estoy fatalmente convencido de que nunca encontraré) mejor manera de iniciar este relato que presentándome de la manera más lacónica posible: soy Eduardo Echenique, el joven estudiante de periodismo que ayer mató a Ambrosio Risco; me parece que no hace falta agregar nada más porque hoy, la gran mayoría de diarios y noticieros televisivos del país, se han ocupado de mí hasta el hartazgo.
Poco o nada me interesa saber lo que los demás piensan acerca de mi persona. Pero, tengo que dejar en claro que si no me preocupa en lo más mínimo la truculenta imagen que de seguro millones de peruanos se han formado de mí, no es porque peque de insolente o idiota; lo que pasa es que esa imagen, a parte de falaz, es deleznable. Me explico: a todos aquellos que hoy, luego de verse invadidos por ese sano y hasta plausible deseo de justicia, desean que la policía me capture –y que, posteriormente, la justicia me condene a la aleccionadora pena de la cadena perpetua–, les pasará algo inevitable: ¡se olvidarán!, ¡muy pronto se olvidarán de mí y del horrendo crimen que cometí!

Y el relato se ocupa justamente de las circunstancias previas a este crimen, con un negro fondo de racismo a la peruana, y del crimen mismo.
Aunque ya sabemos que no se trata de “escribir cuentos”, sino de saber contar, es decir, de haber nacido con o haber cultivado el don de entretener narrando algo, ficticio o real: una historia bien contada, en suma. Orlando Mazeyra Guillén tiene ese don, que es el don de las palabras, del buen uso y del gusto por el lenguaje, por la sal de la lengua (Barthes), y de ponerle letra al espíritu a través del hermoso y poderoso idioma español. Todo ello para expresarse íntegro y en movimiento, él y su mundo, como solo la literatura puede permitirlo.Este relato premiado confirma también que, para poder decir las cosas literariamente, es menester una especie de talento múltiple y una especial capacidad sicológica para conocer a nuestros más diversos congéneres, incluido su complejo contexto social o histórico y al mismo autor en él.
____
(*) JUAN CARLOS VALDIVIA CANO optó el grado de Bachiller y el título profesional de Abogado en la Universidad Católica de Santa María (Arequipa, 1975); cursó estudios de Filosofía en la UNSA, y de post grado en la Escolatina de Chile; en Escuela de Altos Estudios en Ciencias Sociales de París y el Ciclo de Doctorado en la Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de París I. Ha sido discípulo de Giles Deleuze en la Universidad de París VIII y de Michel Foucault en el Colegio de Francia. Entre las obras publicadas por nuestro autor, mencionamos: MARIATEGUI: Perspectiva de la Aventura (1985), CULTURA Y DERECHO (1989), DERECHO POLÍTICO (1991) y 500 AÑOS DE MESTIZAJE (1992). Ha sido galardonado en dos oportunidades por la Fundación alemana Friedrich Naumann Stiftung. En el campo de la docencia universitaria, ha sido profesor de las Universidades Contemporánea de Chile y Privada de Tacna, de la cual fue Decano en la Facultad de Derecho. Actualmente es profesor del Departamento Académico de Ciencias Jurídicas de la Universidad Católica de Santa María y de la Facultad de Derecho de la UNSA.

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